what is technical seo

Exploring the Basics: What is Technical SEO and Why its Important

Technical SEO has a big influence on search engine results, as proven by a recent Moz study that shows websites that are optimised for technical aspects have greater visibility scores than those that are not. 

To stand out in the crowded digital world, websites must put first their technical SEO efforts, as this data point clearly illustrates.

Effective search engine optimization relies heavily on technical SEO, which focuses on improving the technical aspects of a website to increase its visibility on search engines. This involves various activities that aim to ensure search engines can easily crawl, understand, and index the content of a website. By doing so, the website’s ranking can be improved, and it may even secure rich results.

Technical SEO covers important elements such as page speed, site architecture, security, and internal linking. These components work together to remove any obstacles that could hinder search engines from efficiently processing a website. 

By optimizing these technical aspects, not only do we make it easier for search engines to navigate the site, but we also enhance the overall user experience. This lays a strong foundation for a website’s SEO strategy.

Understanding what is Technical SEO

At its core, technical SEO refers to optimizing the infrastructure of your website so that search engines can crawl and index it more effectively. 

Unlike on-page SEO, which focuses on content and how it can be optimized for specific keywords, or off-page SEO, which involves strategies outside your website to improve your site’s authority and ranking.

 Technical SEO is all about the nuts and bolts of your website structure.

  1. Core Objectives:
  • Enhance website speed, making it faster for both users and search engine crawlers 
  • Improve crawlability, ensuring search engines can easily navigate through the site 
  • Increase understandability for search engines to accurately interpret site content 

One might wonder, why the distinction? The answer lies in how search engines like Google assess and rank websites. 

They’re not just looking for keyword-rich content; they’re scanning for sites that provide a seamless user experience, load quickly, and are secure for users. In this vein, technical SEO is a critical element that can no longer be sidelined. 

For a deeper dive into the differences between these SEO types, Moz’s guide on the subject offers a comprehensive overview that’s both insightful and accessible.

  1. Key Characteristics of Technically Optimized Websites:
  • Speed: A fast-loading website provides a better user experience and is favored by search engines 
  • Crawlability & Indexability: Ensuring that search engines can not only find your pages but also understand and index them 
  • Security: Implementing HTTPS to protect user data and enhance trust 
  • Structured Data & XML Sitemaps: These help search engines understand the content and structure of your website, boosting indexation 
  • Mobile-Friendliness: With mobile-first indexing, having a site that performs well on mobile devices is crucial 

Reflecting on my experience with Controlled SEO, the realization that technical SEO was more than just a checklist but a continuous improvement process changed everything. 

Ensuring that the website was easily navigable, pages loaded within the blink of an eye, and that every piece of content was structured properly, turned technical SEO from a daunting task into an exciting journey. 

This was not an overnight success but a path paved with learning, which any website owner can embark upon.

Industry leaders like John Mueller of Google have repeatedly emphasized the importance of technical SEO. Mueller points out, “[Technical SEO is] the unsung hero of a healthy website. 

  1. Steps to Improve Technical SEO:
  • Conduct a site audit to identify areas of improvement 
  • Address issues related to site speed, such as optimizing images and leveraging browser caching 
  • Ensure that your website is crawlable by fixing dead links and removing duplicate content 
  • Implement structured data to help search engines better understand the content and context of your pages 
  • Optimize for mobile by ensuring your site is responsive and loads quickly on mobile devices.

It’s what allows your site to be understood by search engines and to deliver the content your audience truly values.” Google’s own recommendations offer a wealth of knowledge for individuals prepared to dive into the complexities of technical SEO, ranging from fundamental concepts to advanced methods.

why technical seo is important

Given the lack of specific talking points and citations for this section, I’ll craft a general direction based on the article’s previous content and the guidelines provided:

Key Reasons Why Technical SEO is Important

Enhances User Experience: A core component of technical SEO, such as optimizing page speed and ensuring your site is mobile-friendly, directly contributes to a smoother, faster, and more engaging user experience. This is crucial since Google’s algorithm prioritizes user experience as a ranking factor.

Improves Website Visibility: By ensuring your website is crawlable and indexable, technical SEO helps search engines easily understand and rank your site’s content. This leads to better visibility in search engine results pages (SERPs), driving more organic traffic to your site.

Supports Content Strategy: Implementing structured data and creating an XML sitemap as part of technical SEO can significantly enhance how search engines interpret the content of your website. This not only helps in accurately indexing your pages but also in aligning your content strategy with SEO best practices to achieve optimal results.

In summary, technical SEO is a critical aspect of a comprehensive SEO strategy. It not only enhances the user experience but also significantly impacts a website’s visibility and rankings in search engine results. By focusing on the technical aspects of SEO, website owners and SEO professionals can ensure their sites are optimized for both search engines and users, leading to sustainable, long-term success in the digital landscape.

Ensuring Crawlability and Indexability

Ensuring that your website is both crawlable and indexable is foundational to its success in search engine rankings. Here’s how to effectively optimize for these crucial SEO aspects:

  • Search bots Crawlability Optimization:
  1. Internal Links: Create a robust internal linking structure to guide search engine crawlers through your site, making it easier for them to discover new pages .
  2. Robots.txt: Use the robots.txt file wisely to direct search engine bots towards important pages and away from those not meant for indexing. Be cautious not to accidentally block crucial pages .
  3. XML Sitemap: Submit an XML sitemap to search engines. This acts as a roadmap, helping crawlers find and understand the structure of your site .
  4. Address Technical Issues: Improve site speed, fix broken links, and resolve redirect loops to enhance crawlability .
  • Search bots Indexability Optimization:
  1. Quality Content: Ensure your content is high-quality, unique, and valuable to your audience. Search engines prioritize content that provides a good user experience .
  2. On-Page Elements: Optimize titles, headings, and subheadings. Proper use of these elements helps search engines understand and index your content more effectively .
  3. Fix 404 Errors: Regularly check for and fix any 404 error pages. These can hinder search engines from properly indexing your site 11.
  4. Use of Canonical Tags: Implement canonical tags to prevent issues with duplicate content, ensuring search engines know which pages to index .
  • Advanced Tips for crawling and indexing optimization:
  • IndexNow Protocol: Consider using the IndexNow protocol to notify search engines about new or updated content immediately. This can speed up the indexing process .
  • Regular Audits: Schedule regular technical SEO audits to identify and address any crawlability or indexability issues. Tools like Semrush’s Site Audit can be invaluable for this purpose .
  • SEO-Friendly Architecture: Design your site with SEO in mind from the start. An SEO-friendly site architecture not only makes it easier for search engines to crawl and index your site but also improves the overall user experience .

By focusing on these key areas, you can significantly improve your site’s crawlability and indexability, which are critical for achieving higher rankings in search engine results. Remember, the goal is to make it as easy as possible for search engines to understand and rank your content, thereby increasing visibility and driving more organic traffic to your site.

Improving Page Speed

Improving page speed is not just a technical task but a crucial step in enhancing user experience and search engine optimization. Here are practical steps to optimize your website’s loading times:

  • Optimize Images and Code:
  1. Compress Images: Use tools like TinyPNG to reduce image file sizes without compromising quality. This can significantly decrease page load times .
  2. Minify Resources: Tools such as UglifyJS for JavaScript, CSSNano for CSS, and HTMLMinifier for HTML can help reduce the size of these files, improving speed .
  • Leverage Browser Technologies:
  1. Enable Caching: Utilize browser caching to store parts of your site locally on visitors’ devices, reducing loading times for repeat visitors 
  2. Use a CDN (Content Delivery Network): CDNs distribute your content across multiple servers worldwide, reducing the distance between your site and your users, thus improving load times.
  • Optimize Server and Hosting:
  1. Choose a High-Performance Web Host: The server’s response time can greatly affect your site’s overall speed. Opt for hosting solutions known for their speed.
  2. Reduce Server Response Time: Look into optimizing your database, using a faster CMS, and other server-side improvements.
  • Advanced technical Optimization Techniques:
  1. Implement Core Web Vitals: Focus on Largest Contentful Paint (LCP), First Input Delay (FID), and Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS) as key metrics for a good user experience.
  2. Minimize Use of Render-Blocking Resources: Asynchronous loading for CSS and JavaScript can prevent these resources from slowing down your page’s render time.

By focusing on these strategies, you can significantly improve your website’s page speed, leading to better user experience, higher SEO rankings, and ultimately, increased engagement and conversions. Regularly auditing your site’s performance with tools like Google PageSpeed Insights and implementing the recommended changes can keep your website fast and efficient 

Implementing Structured Data

Implementing structured data into your website can significantly enhance how search engines understand and display your content. Here’s a straightforward guide to get started:

  1. Understanding Structured Data: 

At its core, structured data is a standardized format used to provide information about a page and classify the page content. This coding is implemented directly on the page using in-page markup, making the content not just readable by humans, but understandable by search engines.

  1. Structured Data Formats and Tools:
  • Schema.org Vocabulary: Most search engines use schema.org vocabulary to interpret structured data. This comprehensive collection includes various schemas for different types of content, like articles, products, and videos.
  • Markup Languages: Google Search supports structured data in several formats, including JSON-LD, Microdata, and RDFa. JSON-LD is typically the preferred format due to its ease of implementation.
  • Implementation Tools: For adding structured data to your site, tools such as Google’s Structured Data Markup Helper or Merkle can be invaluable. They help generate the necessary code, which you can then place in the footer of your HTML page.
  • Validation Tools: Once implemented, it’s crucial to test your structured data using tools like Google’s Rich Results Test or Schema’s validator. This ensures that your markup is correctly understood by search engines.
  1. Benefits of Structured Data:
  • Enhanced Search Results: Implementing structured data can lead to rich snippets and enhanced search results, which are more engaging for users. This can significantly increase your click-through rates, as evidenced by Rotten Tomatoes, which saw a 25% increase in click-through rates on pages enhanced with structured data.
  • Increased Visibility and Engagement: Websites like The Food Network and Rakuten have seen substantial increases in visits and user engagement time after implementing structured data.
  • Improved User Experience: Structured data not only benefits search engines but also improves the user experience by providing users with more information before they click, potentially reducing bounce rates and increasing time on site .

Remember, the goal of implementing structured data is not just to make your site more appealing to search engines, but also to enhance the user experience by making your content more accessible and informative.

Securing Your Website

In the realm of technical SEO, securing your website forms a critical foundation for both user trust and search engine rankings. Here’s a concise guide to bolstering your website’s security:

  1. Implement HTTPS and SSL:
  • Use HTTPS and SSL: Encrypt data and verify your website’s identity to protect user information during transmission .
  • Get an SSL certificate: This is crucial for keeping data transfers and personal information secure .
  • Implement HTTPS (and Redirect All HTTP Traffic to HTTPS): Ensure all data exchanged with your site is encrypted .
  1. Regular Maintenance and Updates:
  • Update Your Software and Plugins: Regular updates fix vulnerabilities and improve features, keeping your site secure .
  • Update Your Add-ons and Plugins: Keep these elements current to maintain the latest security protection .
  1. Proactive Security Measures:
  • Firewall and Malware Scanner: Deploy these tools to fend off attacks and address any security issues promptly .
  • Invest in Anti-Malware Software: This step is vital for protecting your business, website, and customers from malicious software .
  • Back Up Your Website: Use tools like Handy Backup or eBackupper to automate the backup process, ensuring data safety .
  1. Best Practices for Website Security:
  • Strong Passwords and Regular Updates: Utilize password generators for stronger security and update passwords regularly .
  • Two-Factor Authentication and Regular Backups: Enhance security with two-step verification and maintain regular site backups .
  • Limit User Permissions: Adjust user access levels (administrator, editor, author) to minimize security risks .
  1. Development and Configuration:
  • Security During Web App Development: Integrate security measures from the start of the development process.
  • Avoid Security Misconfigurations: Follow a documented process for setting up websites and servers securely .
  • Hosting/Service-Focused Measures: Ensure service level configurations are properly managed to avoid vulnerabilities .

By adhering to these guidelines, you not only safeguard your website against potential threats but also establish a strong trust factor with both users and search engines. Remember, a secure website is not just about protecting data; it’s about building a reliable and trustworthy online presence that benefits everyone involved .


Throughout this article, we explored the crucial elements of technical SEO and its undeniable importance in enhancing a website’s performance and visibility online. From ensuring crawlability and indexability to implementing structured data, the article has highlighted key strategies and tools that are essential for optimizing the technical framework of a website.

These efforts not only facilitate better comprehension and indexing by search engines but also significantly improve the user experience, which in turn, contributes to higher rankings and increased traffic.

By focusing on the discussed technical SEO components, website owners and SEO professionals can establish a strong foundation for their site’s SEO strategy, paving the way for enhanced visibility and user engagement. 

The emphasis on a seamless user experience, alongside the technical optimizations, signals to search engines the quality and relevance of the site, influencing its ranking positively. As we conclude, remember that the journey to optimize your website is ongoing. 

Let’s clear and clean your website from technical SEO issues, ensuring your site remains competitive and visible in the ever-evolving landscape of search engines.


What exactly is technical SEO, and what makes it so critical?

Technical SEO involves enhancing the technical elements of a website to boost its search engine rankings. This includes making the site faster, simplifying the crawling process for search engines, and ensuring the website is easily interpretable by search engines. These optimizations are crucial because they contribute to the website’s visibility and user experience.

Can you list the key factors in technical SEO? Key factors in technical SEO include:

  • Implementing Secure Socket Layer (HTTPS) for security.
  • Avoiding duplicate content across multiple pages.
  • Optimizing page speed for quicker load times.
  • Ensuring the website is mobile-friendly.
  • Using structured data to help search engines understand content.
  • Fixing broken pages to avoid user frustration.
  • Paying attention to core web vitals for a smooth user experience.
  • Implementing breadcrumb menus for easy navigation.

What are the primary goals of technical SEO? The objectives of technical SEO are to:

  • Focus on improving the website’s technical features and code-level optimizations.
  • Enhance the site’s ability to be crawled and indexed effectively by search engines.
  • Address and resolve issues such as metadata inaccuracies, broken links, and inefficient site architecture to improve the site’s technical health.

Why should one perform a technical SEO audit? Performing a technical SEO audit is essential because it helps uncover and rectify problems that may degrade the user experience, like slow page load times, broken links, and lack of mobile responsiveness.

By improving these areas, a website can achieve higher user engagement and reduced bounce rates, ultimately contributing to better search engine rankings and user satisfaction

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